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Climate Change

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January, 2024


  • Sophie Boehm
  • Louise Jeffery
  • Judit Hecke
  • Clea Schumer
  • Joel Jaeger
  • Claire Fyson
  • and Kelly Levin


At the 28th Conference of the Parties (COP28), the world can jump-start an urgently needed course correction on climate change as Parties respond to findings from the first Global Stocktake. As the crux of the Paris Agreement’s mechanism for ratcheting up ambition, this process offers leaders across government, civil society, and the private sector the chance not only to issue a report card on implementation of the Paris Agreement thus far, including progress made in limiting global warming to 1.5°C, but also to provide a roadmap for combatting this crisis. These same leaders can then respond decisively to the Global Stocktake’s findings by making concrete commitments at COP28 that, together, serve as a powerful springboard for greater ambition and more immediate climate action. Governments, for example, can start by negotiating a decision that prioritizes critical mitigation actions this decade, such as phasing out unabated fossil fuels in electricity generation, halting deforestation and degradation, and shifting to zero-carbon transportation. A successful Stocktake should also inform the next round of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) in 2025, prompting countries to strengthen existing economywide and sector-specific targets for 2030, as well as set new ones for 2035 and beyond.


Boehm, S., L. Jeffery, J. Hecke, C. Schumer, J. Jaeger, C. Fyson, K. Levin, A. Nilsson, S. Naimoli, E. Daly, J. Thwaites, K. Lebling, R. Waite, J. Collis, M. Sims, N. Singh, E. Grier, W. Lamb, S. Castellanos, A. Lee, M. Geffray, R. Santo, M. Balehegn, M. Petroni, and M. Masterson. 2023. State of Climate Action 2023. Berlin and Cologne, Germany, San Francisco, CA, and Washington, DC: Bezos Earth Fund, Climate Action Tracker, Climate Analytics, ClimateWorks Foundation, NewClimate Institute, the United Nations Climate Change High-Level Champions, and World Resources Institute.


Systems Change Lab

Rights Holder

World Resources Institute.